Research Program

Covered in the research program of CCSL is the entire spectrum of international law related to armed conflict:

Current and Previous Research Projects
The Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
The international legal dimensions of the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons
This multi-year research aims to contribute to the improvement of the international legal nuclear non-proliferation framework in order to prevent the emergence of new nuclear states in the 21st century. The cornerstone of the non-proliferation regime is the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which needs to be analysed in light of its continued relevance in a changed legal and political environment. Other non-proliferation bodies and instruments such as the IAEA, the UN Security Council, or export control regimes also play a significant role in attempts to stem the spread of nuclear weapons. This project focuses on their mandate, organisation, and practice in the context of conflict and security law, as well as that of the NPT; it identifies possible conflicts, gaps, and potential for improvement. The research is part of the broader interdisciplinary research project on nuclear non-proliferation on the instigation and under the auspices of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which includes research into the history of non-proliferation policy in the Netherlands, the energy-proliferation nexus and the success- and fail factors in the control of nuclear weapons.

Nuclear Security
Development and future prospects of the international legal framework for nuclear security
This research project analyzes the development of the international legal and regulatory system for nuclear and radiological security, as well as the corresponding domestic legal frameworks. The project focuses on nuclear security as defined by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Nuclear security in this context is a strong example of the need for international cooperation to resolve problems exceeding the scope of national control. That said, unique characteristics of the materials and facilities involved, as well as of the potential threats and risks, have lead to the formulation over time of a complex regulatory matrix comprised of various legally binding and non-binding instruments and initiatives. The Nuclear Security Summit (NSS) process, initiated in 2010, has served to bring consideration of nuclear security issues and objectives into the international spotlight. With consensus being that much remains to be done to ensure a strong regulatory framework and to prevent disastrous events, the time is ripe for an in-depth examination of the current regime and a detailed discussion of future regulatory prospects. CCSL is involved in research in collaboration with the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs in preparation for the NSS 2014 that will be held in March 2014 in the Hague.

Chemical Weapons Convention
Commentaries on Arms Control Treaties (Oxford University Press series)
Edited by Professor Eric Myjer, Ralf Trapp and Walter Krutzsch, this Commentary will be a detailed guide to the legal interpretation of the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), a landmark arms control treaty, and the only one requiring the verified elimination of an entire category of weapons of mass destruction and their means of production. Fifteen years after entry into force of the Treaty, the Commentary will not only provide an in-depth article-by-article analysis of the Treaty text, but will also take account of practices adopted in implementing the Treaty, experiences gathered since the entry into force in 1997, and the new challenges that the CWC and its supervisory organ, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, face. The book is being assistant edited by CCSL researcher Jonathan Herbach. This Oxford University Press series was initiated with a legal commentary on the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production, and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction.

Private Military and Security Companies
Regulating Privatisation of “war”: the role of the EU in assuring compliance with international humanitarian law and human rights (2008-2011)
A research project funded by the 7th Framework Programme of the European Union, assessing the impact of the increasing use of private military and security companies in situations of armed conflict with a view to ensuring improved compliance with international humanitarian law and human rights. The research was conducted by a project consortium consisting of the CCSL together with the European University Institute, University LUISS “Guido Carli” (Rome), Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen, Riga Graduate School of Law, Université Pantheon-Assas (Paris II) and the University of Sheffield. The resulting project recommendations were taken up in a resolution of the European Parliament, in addition to the publication of two books and a number of separate reports.